Cómo particionar y formatear discos en Ubuntu/Linux

Hace más de un año escribí un how-to en dos partes (parte I y parte II) sobre este tema, debido a su popularidad y a que no está actualizado he decidido hacer uno nuevo:


Esta vez usaremos la herramienta qtParted, el Partition Magic de Linux. Si no lo tienes instalado, podemos hacerlo fácilmente con Synaptic o apt-get.

Instalando QTParted

Entonces lo buscamos en Sistema, si estamos en KDE, y lo iniciamos (pedirá clave, pues debe ser usado como administrador).



En mi caso, veremos 3 discos: hda, hdb y hdd. Para esta guía usaremos hda, donde tenía la partición Windows que por suerte ya no necesito más 🙂


Par borrarla todo lo que hay en ese disco simplemente crearemos una nueva tabla de particiones.

Nueva tabla de particiones

Luego nos vamos a Operaciones y creamos una nueva partición.

Nueva partición

Las opciones que tendremos son crear una partición de tipo ext3, ext2, fat32, fat16 y linux-swap. Si vas a usar la partición para trabajar con linux, te recomiendo crear una del tipo ext3. Si la necesitas para Window, entonces crea una del tipo fat32. La partición de linux tipo swap, es una partición especial de intercambio de memoria en el disco. Solamente necesitarás crear una cuando hagas una nueva instalación de Linux.

particion ext3 50%


En mi caso he creado una del tipo ext3, que utiliza sólo el 50% (9.32 GB MB) del disco y con la etiqueta “repos”. Una vez creada la partición vamos a Fichero y aplicamos los cambios.


A continuación podemos formatear tranquilamente. Una vez formateado el disco volvemos a aplicar los cambios en Fichero y listo.

Ahora podemos repetir los paso y crear en el espacio libre, por ejemplo, una partición fat32.

fat32 50%

Esta partición podremos redimencionarla a tu antojo si llegamos a necesitarlo. Si lo que necesitas es sólo cambiar el tamaño de un disco en Linux / Ubuntu, puedes ignorar todo lo anterior.


Listo, espero sea de utilidad. Como siempre digo, hay muchas formas de hacer lo mismo, si esta guía no te gusta, pues comenta tus correcciones o escríbelas en tu blog y lánzame un trackback.

4,196 thoughts on “Cómo particionar y formatear discos en Ubuntu/Linux”

  1. @@@
    Christie Blatchford: Best way of coping with trauma of terrorism is to imitate the Israelis
    It鈥檚 going to be a hard sell in a time where trauma is expected, victims revered and when the first thing out of the mouth of every statesman, television talking head and person on Twitter is a version of, 鈥淢y heart goes out to鈥?鈥?but a little of the old 鈥渁ccommodation effect鈥?would go a long way right now.
    It鈥檚 an adaptive behaviour, or in the modern parlance, a way of coping.
    It means that as traumatic events such as the latest terror attack in Nice, France, occur more often, people get used to them such that the amount of stress actually decreases 鈥?if, that is, the targeted people and society are reasonably resilient.
    Accommodation was first noticed in the British during the German blitz of London, again in Israel during the first Gulf War of 1991 and again in Israel during the bloody second Palestinian Intifada, from September of 2000 to the beginning of 2005.
    In a 2011 scholarly paper entitled Living with terror, not Living in Terror, political science professor Dov Waxman of Northeastern University in Boston examined the effects of repeated terrorist attacks on Israelis.
    During the second Intifada, more than 1,000 Israelis were killed, most of them civilians who died in suicide attacks, many going about their ordinary business in places like caf茅s, outdoor markets and on public buses.
    In fact, 19 months into the second Intifada, an astonishing 44.4 per cent of the population had either been a victim of a suicide attack, had friends or relatives who were victims, or knew someone who had survived an attack.
    By comparison, France has had three major terrorist attacks in New Balance 574 Femme about 18 months; in 2002 alone, there were 53 suicide attacks in Israel.
    As Waxman said, 鈥淪uicide terrorism can be particularly effective in terrifying people because it projects an aura of fanaticism, which makes the threat of future attacks seem more likely.鈥?
    Add to that the fact that Israelis have long feared terrorism with good reason. 鈥淣o country has endured more acts of terrorism over a prolonged period than Israel,鈥?Waxman said. 鈥淔rom before the state was established in 1948 and ever since then, Israelis have been the targets of terrorist attacks, both within Israel and around the world.鈥?
    (Indeed, modern terrorism is inextricably linked to the Israel-Palestinian conflict, as Arab militant groups pioneered new tactics and carried out some of the most notorious attacks.)
    Waxman found that more than a third of Israelis who participated in a major psychological study reported at least one traumatic stress-related symptom. It鈥檚 similar to the number reported by Americans after the 9/11 terror attacks, though far fewer of them were directly exposed.
    Interestingly, that study found that those who are actually injured in such an attack are 鈥渘o more likely to suffer from psychological disorders than a person whose only connection to the attack was seeing it on television.
    鈥淭he extensive media coverage of terrorist attacks can therefore seriously harm people鈥檚 psychological well-being.鈥?
    But, as another study in 2010 showed, the Palestinian terror attacks of the second Intifada had a very limited 鈥?negligible 鈥?effect on the overall happiness of Israelis.
    That suggests, Waxman said, 鈥渢hat the psychological effects of terrorism should not be overstated. While they can be severe, they are generally short-lived.鈥?
    Most Israelis recovered well, he found.
    Take the worst month of the Intifada, March of 2002. 鈥淚n one week alone,鈥?pas cher New Balance 620 Waxman said, 鈥淧alestinian suicide bombers struck at a restaurant in Haifa, a Jerusalem supermarket, a caf茅 in Tel Aviv, and a hotel in Neyanya, the latter during a meal for the Jewish holiday of Passover.鈥?The last attack alone killed 30 and wounded more than 140 others.
    Yet, 鈥淚nstead of panic and public hysteria, there was stoicism and fortitude. Though they were afraid and under stress, Israelis kept going to caf茅s (though now they sat far from the entrances where suiciders might blow themselves up) and those who used buses kept on doing it.
    鈥淲hen one considers the huge toll in Israeli lives that Palestinian terrorism during the second Infada took鈥?(in more than 13,000 attacks, 1,030 were killed and 5,788 injured or about 0.1 per cent of the population), 鈥渢he New Balance 620 ability of Israeli society to cope 鈥?is quite remarkable.鈥?
    Waxman identified three key factors: acclimatization to terrorism; declining media attention as attacks became chronic; and growing social resilience.
    There were some lousy social and political effects, chiefly a rise in ethnocentrism, a hardening of attitudes toward Arab citizens, and a general brutalizing of Israeli society, supported in a rise in violent crime during the second Intifada.
    The bad news is that if lone wolf attacks such as the one in Nice, whether carried out by the merely unhinged or those inspired by Islamic extremist groups, is the new norm, the good news is that they will draw less and less attention by the press and social media, there may be less handwringing, and if people toughen up (in every way but in attitude towards ordinary Muslims), they can be managed.
    In my pig-English interpretation of Waxman鈥檚 learned paper: Remember the victims but don鈥檛 glorify victimhood. Stiffen the spine, but not the heart. And don鈥檛 watch the freaking tube with its death fetish.
    鈥?Email: | Twitter:


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